To tender is to invite bids for a project or accept a formal offer such as a takeover bid. Tendering usually refers to the process whereby governments and financial institutions invite bids for large projects that must be submitted within a finite deadline. The term also refers to the process whereby shareholders submit their shares or securities in response to a takeover offer. For projects or procurementmost institutions have a well-defined tender process, as well as processes to govern the opening, evaluation, and final selection of the vendors.

This ensures that the selection process is fair and transparent. Regarding tender offers related to takeover attempts, the conditions of the offer are clearly listed and include the purchase price, the number of shares requested, and a deadline for a response. A request for tender RFT is a formal and structured invitation to suppliers to submit competitive bids to supply raw materials, products, or services.

Because this is a public and open process, laws were created to govern the process to ensure fair competition among bidders.

PMS Cramping vs. Common Early Pregnancy Symptoms

For example, without laws, bribery and nepotism may flourish. Tender services are available for potential bidders and include a wide range of tenders from private and public sources. These services include crafting suitable bids, coordinating the process to ensure deadlines are met, and ensuring compliance with applicable laws. In the private sector, requests for tenders are referred to as requests for proposals RFP ; an RFT allows potential bidders to respond to the defined needs of the issuer.

A tender offer is a public solicitation to all shareholders requesting that they tender their stock for sale at a specific price during a certain time. To entice shareholders to release a specific number of shares, the offer typically exceeds the current market value of the shares.

In the U. Since the deal targets shareholders directly, it effectively removes upper management from the process, unless those members of management are also substantial shareholders. If the company looking to take over already has a notable share of the target company, referred to as a foothold block, a minority of the remaining shareholders may be enough to allow the company making the offer to become the majority shareholder.

However, if the requested shares are not released by the deadline, the deal is often considered void, effectively allowing shareholders to block the deal. Personal Loans. Investing Essentials. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. What Is Tendering? Key Takeaways The term tender usually refers to the process whereby governments and financial institutions invite bids for large projects that must be submitted within a finite deadline.

The term tender also refers to the process whereby shareholders submit their shares or securities in response to a takeover offer. Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Terms Tender Offer Definition A tender offer is an offer to purchase some or all of shareholders' shares in a corporation.

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Takeover Bid A takeover bid is a corporate action in which an acquiring company makes an offer to the target company's shareholders to buy the target company's shares.Sore breasts after your period are often caused by hormonal changes in your menstrual cycle. However, breast tenderness after your period could be a result of inflammation, injury to your breasts, or even chest pain that feels like sore breasts.

Many women who complain of breast pain after menstruation also have other symptoms. Many find that they also have painful nipples, larger breasts, or even a rash on their breast. Sore breasts 2 weeks after your period could be accompanied by ovulation discharge and slight cramping.

Also, one of the symptoms of pregnancy after your period include breast tenderness. In this article, I will look at the many reasons why breast pain can continue after your period. In some cases, home remedies can help to relieve the symptoms of sore breasts after menstruation.

If breast pain continues, your doctor may advise on other ways to stop your breasts hurting after your period. Breast pain is called mastalgia and can occur at any point during the menstrual cycle. Usually, sore, swollen breasts are a common symptom of pre-menstrual syndrome. But, many women also complain that their breasts are still sore after their period ends. Doctors from the Mayo Clinic say that the pain from sore breasts can be mild to severe.

tender period

The sharp breast pains or tenderness can continue throughout your menstrual cycle and can affect both breasts. Breast pain is usually divided into 2 categories — cyclic breast pain or non-cyclic. Many symptoms of sore breasts before and after the period are connected to your menstrual cycle. Mary Harding on Patient. When breasts hurt after your period, it could be that the reasons are not connected with your cycle.

Some of the symptoms of non-cyclical breast pain can include:. If you are wondering why you have sore breasts after your period, please read on to find out some of the possible reasons. Hormonal imbalances are usually to blame for having tender breasts that become sore a week or two after your period. According to Dr.

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Mehra Golshan from Harvard Medical School, one of the reasons for sore breasts is hormonal fluctuations. For most women, this results in mild pain in both breasts and tends to affect the upper outer quadrant of the breasts. Some other signs of a hormonal imbalance can include:.BeluvdMarie over a year ago. Guest over a year ago. I went through this so many times and whenever my pregnancy test is negative I keep asking myself - what is going on with me? Whatzup over a year ago. I am experiencing similar symptoms.

I am usually regular with a 25 day cycle and i thought i was pregnant because i am 6 days late and no period. I have no tender breasts, but more fuller and i feel i cant fit into my clothes lately from 4 weeks ago. I tested negative to pregnancy test and still baffled.

Ive never missed a period and was only when ive been pregnant in the past with my 2 children. I take thyroxine for hypothyroidism and was told to half my dosage this month. I believe this has caused me to skip period as i must be low now and feel tired more often. I wonder if having a cyst will stop cycle. I am seeing my Dr this weekend to confirm blood test for both pregnancy and tsh thyroid and then determine what is going on. I have never had this problem 2 months ago or ever and believe something is wrong somewhere.

Fingers crossed its not heart related. Couldn't find what you looking for? New Reply Follow New Topic. BeluvdMarie over a year ago Im 25 have 2 kids already, they are 5 and I have taken 2 pregnancy tests and they both are negative. I dont know whats going on and im getting worried. Any advice? Are you on diet, maybe you have lost a lot of pounds or you gained some? Are you stressed? What are the reasons for this stress?

tender period

Those all are possible reasons for your late period. Guest over a year ago When I was 19, I was late on my period and i never felt worse in my life. I took several pregnancy tests that actually came back Negative. He then had to do a more indepth test that counted Pregnacy Hormones that is how he knew i had been pregnant the whole time. I don't know if this is the case for you but it is worth a shot.

Guest over a year ago I am very consistent in my periods. THey are always on time, and never late. My breasts are really sore. I usually get cramping a day before my period, and that's how I know it's coming. The cramping came, not as severe as sometimes but it was still there, but nothing happened.

I am now 6 days late, my breasts are still sore, but still no period. I took one pregnancy test that came out negative.

I keep having cramps everyday and I keep telling my husband that it's going to come, that I don't need to waste money on more pregnancy tests if the first one was negative. I don't have any symptoms like everyone else has. What's wrong? Guest over a year ago We are trying for over 6 months.Never miss a great news story!

Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now. Definition: Tender period refers to the time period before the expiry of the contract. Tender period is generally a few days. Tender period gives members of the contract the flexibility to make decisions till the time the contract expires.

Description: The parties to the contract have the liberty to change the terms of the contract in the tender period. Once the tender period is over, they have no other choice but to honour the contract as specified in the contract.

Service tax is a tax levied by the government on service providers on certain service transactions, but is actually borne by the customers. It is categorized under Indirect Tax and came into existence under the Finance Act, Description: In this case, the service provider pays the tax and recovers it from the customer.

Service Tax was earlier levied on a specified list of services, but in th. A nation is a sovereign entity. Any risk arising on chances of a government failing to make debt repayments or not honouring a loan agreement is a sovereign risk. Description: Such practices can be resorted to by a government in times of economic or political uncertainty or even to portray an assertive stance misusing its independence. A government can resort to such practices by easily altering.

A recession is a situation of declining economic activity. Declining economic activity is characterized by falling output and employment levels. Generally, when an economy continues to suffer recession for two or more quarters, it is called depression.

Description: The level of productivity in an economy falls significantly during a d. It is always measured in percentage terms. Description: With the consumption behavior being related, the change in the price of a related good leads to a change in the demand of another good.

Related goods are of two kinds, i. In the world of finance, comparison of economic data is of immense importance in order to ascertain the growth and performance of a compan. Description: Institutional investment is defined to be the investment done by institutions or organizations such as banks, insurance companies, mutual fund houses, etc in the financial or real assets of a country.

Simply state. Marginal standing facility MSF is a window for banks to borrow from the Reserve Bank of India in an emergency situation when inter-bank liquidity dries up completely.

Description: Banks borrow from the central bank by pledging government securities at a rate higher than the repo rate under liquidity adjustment facility or LAF in short.

The MSF rate is pegged basis points or a percentage. It is an indicator of the efficiency with which a company is deploying its assets to produce the revenue. Asset turnover ratio can be different fro. All rights reserved. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service. Choose your reason below and click on the Report button. This will alert our moderators to take action. Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now You can switch off notifications anytime using browser settings.

Brand Solutions. TomorrowMakers Let's get smarter about money. Tetra Pak India in safe, sustainable and digital.My breasts are sore after menstruation, could I be pregnant? What does it mean especially when accompanied by cramps? Most women experience breast tenderness or soreness during early pregnancy or as a premenstrual symptom.

This is the reason many find it confusing and worrying when they experience sore breasts after period ends. Even though mastalgia affects every woman at some point in a lifetime, most experience cyclical breast tenderness which is part of the menstrual cycle during ovulation.

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Its causes are much different. There are several causes of breast tenderness and soreness after period.

Women who are on birth control such as Minera IUD, some pills, and even contraceptive shots can experience sore breasts. In others, the cause could be an illness showing its symptoms or even PMS symptoms carrying over to a day or two.

The menstrual cycle brings about all sorts of hormonal changes in the body. During the luteal phase, a week before your period, estrogen and progesterone levels rise remarkably.

The elevation of these hormones causes the uterine lining to thicken in preparation for implantation. Higher levels of progesterone cause muscle relaxation, hence sluggish movement of blood and fluids in the body.

This is a group of symptoms experienced by women just after their period. They are similar to those of premenstrual syndrome. They include the following:. Sore and tender boobs are also registered in some women before menstruation. This symptom can also extend and occur 1, 2 days after period is over.

This is a condition in which the breast becomes exceedingly painful and inflamed. Mastitis mostly occurs a sign of an acute or chronic breast infection.

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However breastfeeding mothers might also experience this condition as a result of milk build up in the breast tissues.

During perimenopause, a woman sex hormones decrease gradually marking entry into the menopause period.I have experienced two wonderful pregnancies and have a keen interest in the medical field. If you're having cramps a week before your period when you usually only start having cramps a few days before, then you may be experiencing implantation cramping. Implantation is when the fertilized egg or blastocyst implants itself into the lining of the uterus.

After ovulation, it takes about a week days for the fertilized egg to enter the uterus and burrow its way into the thick, rich lining, which can cause mild pain.

But, if you experience these cramps a week before your period is due, and that is abnormal for you, you may very well be expecting! Linda Burke-Galloway, MD says, "The character and intensity of pain in "period cramps" and "pregnancy cramps" are very similar, but the timing of pain might provide clues. They can range from mild to severe, depending on the level of prostaglandins—a hormone-like substance that triggers uterine muscle contractions.

In contrast, implantation cramping occurs days before your period and starts off very mild. You will only feel it intermittently in your lower stomach or lower back. Rebecca Lee, RN explains, "Pregnancy cramps are more mild and intermittent, occurring on and off for days.

However, if you feel sharp lower abdominal pain on one side that feels like a stitch, and the pain radiates to the rest of the abdomen along with bleeding, then you may have an ectopic pregnancy. This is when the embryo implants itself somewhere other than the uterus—usually in the fallopian tubes. Severe cramps may also be a sign of pelvic inflammatory disease. See your doctor right away if the cramps before your period are more intense than usual. It is most likely ovulation cramping, which occurs when the follicle—a sac in your ovary that contains eggs—ruptures and releases an egg.

Ovulation, otherwise known as "mittelschmerz," a German word that means "middle" and "pain," happens every menstrual cycle, usually mid-cycle, but most women do not feel any pain. Note, however, that because implantation can occur anywhere from weeks before your period, 10 days is right in the range for implantation to occur, so many women may confuse what is actually implantation for ovulation pain.

If you have mittleschmertz, otherwise known as ovulation cramping, you'll feel a pinch or twinge on one side of your lower abdomen that occurs two weeks prior to your period. The pain should only last a few minutes to a few hours, and it is a sharp pain. In contrast, implantation cramping is a dull pain that is felt around the general lower abdomen area and your lower back. Unlike ovulation cramps, implantation cramping lasts for days.

If cramping continues for several days, and you do not usually get cramps a week or two before your period, then you may be pregnant.

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Not necessarily. Although implantation does take place about a week before your period and can cause mild cramping, there may be other causes. You may be experiencing early pre-menstrual cramps or ovulation cramping. Are you seeing light pink to brown spotting a week before your period? According to board-certified reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist Dr.

Tendering - Background and Overview of the Procurement Process

Mark Trolice, "Vaginal spotting one week after ovulation could represent implantation. This can cause some light bleeding or spotting due to the massive burrowing the embryo has to do to completely implant itself. Some of the lining of the uterus which is made of blood is sloughed off and passes through your cervix.

Spotting between periods is definitely more common than cramps between periods, so this can be harder for women to distinguish. Some get the spotting so close to their periods they just assume it is the start of their normal period. Normally, implantation spotting should not be heavy and should not last for more than three days. There are also other crucial signs to tell the difference between a regular period versus implantation bleeding.

A rise in estrogen and progesterone levels produces more pigmentation in your breast area. This is a very telling sign of pregnancy because not enough estrogen and progesterone is produced before your period to darken your areola.

Sore Breast After Period (2, 3, 4 Days – 2 Weeks): Could I Be Pregnant?

If you have hormonal imbalance, you may see a fluctuation in the color of your areola, which is not a sign of pregnancy. But, if you are regular, and you are suddenly seeing darker nipples before your period when you wouldn't normally see it otherwise, you may be pregnant!

If you boobs are sensitive to even the softest touch, then you may have a bun in the oven.For some women, sore, sometimes painful breasts are a good tip-off that Aunt Flo is about to make a visit. While the heads-up is nice, sore breasts can be uncomfortable as hell. But there's a very real reason why sore breasts around your period are a thing, and even better, there are ways to find relief. The jury is still out on the exact mechanisms behind breast soreness during your period.

But experts do know that hormone levels fluctuate before and during your period, and that can impact how your boobs feel, Sherry A. RossM. Periodtells SELF. Specifically, increasing levels of estrogen in the first two weeks of your cycle can cause your breasts to get bigger, while increasing amounts of progesterone during the second half may make your milk ducts puff up.

Hormonal fluctuations can also lead to fibrocystic breast changes i. Wider says. Making sure your bras fit correctly can also help, she says, since having a too-loose or too-tight fit can make your boobs feel worse. Ross says. Birth control impacts everyone differently, but some forms that use less estrogen can help reduce the pain.

You can also try putting a warm compress on your boobs to promote blood flow, Dr. Wider says, which can help relieve muscle tension that makes breast soreness worse. In the vast majority of cases, breast tenderness around your period is normal and harmless other than making you uncomfortable. But in some very rare cases, breast tenderness can be a sign of breast cancerDr.

tender period

Loeb-Zeitlin says, specifically a rare and aggressive kind called inflammatory breast cancer. This is more likely if the tenderness is on one side and you've never experienced it before. If you're having sore breasts along with symptoms like nipple discharge, dimpling, or a rash, head to your doctor just in case.

And even if the only thing you're dealing with is period-related boob soreness, you can and should still bring it up with your doctor if it's bothering you.

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Together, you can figure out the best way for you—and your breasts—to find some relief. Breast soreness related to menstruation has a medical name: cyclical mastalgia. As you can probably guess, it has a lot to do with hormones. Sore breasts might seem like a fact of life, but you don't need to just suffer through the experience.

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